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  Total Value: $1,458,965.00

The first private gold coinage in the 19th century was struck by Templeton Reid, a jeweler and gunsmith, in Milledgeville, Georgia, in July 1830. To be closer to the mines, he moved to Gainesville, where most of his coins were made. Although weights were accurate, Reid's assays were not and his coins were slightly short of claimed value. Accordingly, he was severely attacked in the newspapers and soon lost the public's confidence. He closed his mint before the end of October in 1830; his output had amounted to only about 1,600 coins. Denominations struck were $2.50, $5, and $10.

The enigmatic later issues of Templeton Reid were probably made from California gold. Reid, who never went to California, was then a cotton-gin maker in Columbus, Georgia, where he died in 1851. The coins were in denominations of ten and twenty-five dollars. Struck copies of both exist in various metals. The only example known of the twenty-five-dollar piece was stolen from the cabinet of the U.S. Mint on August 16, 1858. It was never recovere.

A skilled German metallurgist, Christopher Bechtler, assisted by his son August and his nephew, also named Christopher, operated a private mint in Rutherford County, North Carolina. Rutherford County and other areas in the Piedmont region of North Carolina and Georgia were the principal sources of the nation's gold supply from 1790 until the California gold strikes in 1848.

The coins minted by the Bechtlers were of only three denominations, but they covered a wide variety of weights and sizes. Rotated dies are common throughout the series. In 1831, the Bechtlers produced the first gold dollar in the United States. The U.S. Mint struck its first circulating gold dollar in 1849. Bechtler coins were well accepted by the public and circulated widely in the Southeast.

The inscription AUGUST 1.1834 on several varieties of five-dollar pieces has a special significance. The secretary of the Treasury recommended to the Mint director that gold coins of the reduced weight bear the authorization date. This was not done on federal gold coinage, but the elder Christopher Bechtler evidently acted on the recommendation to avoid difficulty with Treasury authorities.

Coin ID
Type
Date
Svc
Grade
Price
Images
 Coin Description
Territorial Gold
RC3138
Territorial Gold
PCGS
MS61 CAC
(1837-42) C Bechtler $2.50 PCGS MS61 CAC, 70g, 20c, K-13, R-6. Rare with CAC sticker! CAC pop 1/3 (7 total)...More >>>
RC3408001
Territorial
NGC
VG10
1849 Mass & Calif Co Silver Half Eagle - 1849 Mass & Calif Co Silver $5 K-2a NGC VG10. K-2A. Silver. R-7. Looks F15+!...More >>>
RC36992
Territorial Gold
PCGS
VF35 CAC
1849 Moffat Eagle SSCA - 1849 Moffat $10.00 S.S. Central America PCGS VF35 CAC. This rare 1849 Moffat Eagle SS Central America comes with the provenance of the shipwrecked...More >>>
RC39315
Territorial Gold
PCGS
AU55
1849 Mormon Quarter Eagle - 1849 Mormon $2.50 PCGS AU55. K-1, KM-102. Bright mint luster peeks out near the rim of this rare 1849 Mormon Quarter Eagle, which is...More >>>
RC3207071
Territorial Gold
NGC
XF40
1849 Mormon Half Eagle - 1849 Mormon $5 NGC XF40. This crusty and beautiful 1849 Mormon Half Eagle is well struck on the center of the reverse. The eye has the full...More >>>
RC3207071
Territorial Gold
NGC
XF40
1849 Mormon Half Eagle - 1849 Mormon $5 NGC XF40...More >>>
RC3140004
Territorial Gold
NGC
AU50
1849 Mormon $5 - 1849 Mormon Half Eagle NGC AU50. K-2, R5. This rare still lustrous 1849 Mormon Half Eagle has greenish-gold surfaces. It is fresh to the market and comes...More >>>
RC36836
Territorial Gold
PCGS
VF30
1849 Pacific $5, PCGS VF30. K-4. R-7+. This Territorial, Pacific Company die trial comes in a PCGS OGH (old green holder). The piece is unique at PCGS. The coin is a copper gilt...More >>>
RC31416
Territorial Gold
PCGS
VF30
1849 Pacific $5, PCGS VF30. K-4. R-7+. This Territorial, Pacific Company die trial comes in a PCGS OGH (old green holder). The piece is unique at PCGS. The coin is a copper...More >>>
RC6174001
Territorial
NGC
AU53 CAC
1850 White Metal Gilt $10 Baldwin K-1g Restrike NGC AU53 CAC. Baldwin Horseman Restrike, K-1G, Gilt White Metal, CAC Approved. Only 3 Known to Exist in Gilt...More >>>
RC6685002
Territorial
NGC
AU55
1850 $5 Moffat NGC AU55...More >>>
RC6717001
Territorial
NGC
AU55
1851 $50 Humbert Reeded Edge, .887 Fine Gold NGC AU55...More >>>
RC31391
Territorial Gold
NGC
MS64
1851 S.F. Standard Mint $5 NGC MS64 K-1. Nickel Alloy. 22.7mm. Finest known! NGC Population: 1/0. PCGS Population: 0/0....More >>>
RC6284003
Territorial
NGC
AU53
1852 $10 U.S. Assay - 1852 $10 U.S. Assay NGC AU53...More >>>
RC37116
Territorial Gold
PCGS
VF35
1852 Wass Molitor $10 Small Head SSCA - 1852 $10.00 Wass Molitor, Small Head, K-3, S.S. Central America, PCGS VF35. This scarce 1852 Wass, Molitor, and...More >>>
RC3207057
Territorial Gold
NGC
AU55
1852/1 Humbert Eagle - 1852/1 Humbert $10 NGC AU55. This very rare Choice AU Pioneer 1852/1 Humbert Gold Eagle has some muted mint luster remaining within its devices...More >>>
RC31351
Cal Fractional Gold
PCGS
MS64
1853 Arms of California BG-435 50c Arms PCGS MS64. R-5-. Rare! Crisp devices and lustrous surfaces...More >>>
RC31122
Territorial Gold
PCGS
AU50
1853 Moffat Double Eagle - 1853 Moffat $20 PCGS AU50. This lightly circulated, crisp 1853 Territorial Double Eagle has traces of subdued mint luster within its devices...More >>>
RC6293840
Territorial
PCGS
AU50
1855 $20 Kellogg PCGS AU50...More >>>
RC6748005
Territorial
NGC
XF45
1855 $50 Wass Molitor NGC XF45...More >>>
RC7918
Gold Commem
PCGS
UNC.
1855 Kellogg $50 SS Central America Commemorative Restrike. Completely original, with all accompanying documents in the box and the coin certified by PCGS...More >>>
RC72992
Gold Commem
PCGS
UNC.
1855 Kellogg $50 SS Central America Commemorative Restrike. Completely original, with all accompanying documents in the box and the coin certified by PCGS...More >>>
RC71091
Gold Commem
PCGS
Gem Proof
1855 Kellogg $50 SS Central America Commemorative Restrike. Completely original, with all accompanying documents in the box and the coin certified by PCGS...More >>>
RC79122011
Gold Commem
PCGS
Unc.
1855 Kellogg $50 Restrike PCGS Unc. If numerically graded, this outstanding 1855 Kellogg Restrike would undoubtedly receive an MS69 or 70 grade. It is a flawless marvel with no...More >>>
RC7972001A
Territorial Gold
PCGS
Gem Proof
1855 Kellogg $50 SS Central America Commemorative Restrike. Completely original, with all accompanying documents in the box and the coin certified by PCGS...More >>>
RC7972001
Territorial Gold
PCGS
Gem Proof
1855 Kellogg $50 SS Central America Commemorative Restrike. Completely original, with all accompanying documents in the box and the coin certified by PCGS...More >>>
RC3856001
Territorial Gold
NGC
AU58
1855 Wass Mol Eagle - 1855 Wass Molitor $10 NGC AU58, K-6, High R5. This extremely rare, near-Mint State 1855 Wass, Molitor & Co. eagle has significant mint luster...More >>>
RC38651
Territorial Gold
PCGS
MS63
1860 Clark Gruber Quarter Eagle - 1860 Clark Gruber $2.50 PCGS MS63. This rare 1860 Clark Gruber Quarter Eagle is crisp and creamy with tremendous eye-appeal. It is tied for...More >>>
RC3064002
Territorial Gold
NGC
AU DETAILS Obv Repaired
1860 Clark Gruber $10 Mountain NGC AU Details, Obverse Repaired - Pike's Peak Mountain $10. "Obverse Repaired", but gorgeous, with rich peripheral color & real AU55+ detail...More >>>
RC3591001
Territorial Gold
NGC
AU DETAILS Repaired
1860 Clark Gruber Eagle Mountain - 1860 1860 Clark Gruber $10 Mountain NGC AU DETAILS, Repaired...More >>>
RC31402
Territorial Gold
NGC
AU Details
1860 Clark Gruber $2.50 NGC AU Details, K-1, R-4. Improperly Cleaned. Bold 55+ detail...More >>>
RC3257001
Territorial Gold
NGC
MS62
1860 Clark Gruber Quarter Eagle - 1860 Clark Gruber $2.50, NGC MS62. K-1, R-4. This Mint State Territorial 1860 Clark Gruber Quarter Eagle has significant mint luster...More >>>
RC3145
Territorial Gold
NGC
MS60
1860 Clark Gruber Mountain $10 NGC MS60. K-3, R-5. One of the seminal Pioneer gold issues, featuring Pike's Peak, the mountain prospective gold miners sought during the Colorado gold rush...More >>>
RC6280733
Territorial
PCGS
XF40
1861 $10 Clark Gruber PCGS XF40...More >>>
RC3415002
Territorial
NGC
VF20BN
1861 $20 Clark Gruber Copper, NGC VF20 BN...More >>>
RC3120515
Territorial Gold
PCGS
AU55
1861 Clark Gruber Eagle - 1861 Clark Gruber $10 PCGS AU55. K-7, R4. This Civil War dated 1861, Choice AU Clark Gruber & Co. eagle has a sharp strike except for...More >>>
RC3796018
Territorial Gold
NGC
AU55
1861 Clark Gruber $2.50 NGC AU55. Lightly circulated private Colorado gold issue...More >>>
RC3134
Cal Fractional Gold
PCGS
MS65
1872 Round Indian BG-1207 G$1 PCGS MS65. Tied for finest known. Lovely...More >>>
RCC292003
Territorial Gold
NGC
MS63 CAC
1853 $20 Assay (1853 Double Eagle) NGC MS63 CAC. This mint state twenty dollar, U.S. Assay of Gold coin has clean, satiny surfaces with subdued mint luster....More >>>
RC39003
Territorial Gold
NGC
MS63
1853 Assay $20 900T. NGC MS63. 1853 $20 U.S. Assay Office .900 (K-18, R-2) NGC MS-63. The piece that is offered here had one of the largest...More >>>
RC37526
Territorial Gold
PCGS
AU55
1850 Baldwin $5 PCGS AU55. 1850 Baldwin & Co. $5 (K-2, R-5) PCGS AU-55; Baldwin & Co. produced private gold coinage in 1850 and 1851. Best known for their Horseman...More >>>
RC30262
Territorial Gold
PCGS
AU55
C Bechtler $2.50 67G 21C PCGS AU55. C. Bechtler $2.50 (67 Grains, 21 Carats). Some mint luster remains within the lettering of this North Carolina territorial issue...More >>>
RC3697001
Territorial Gold
NGC
MS62 CAC
1837-42 C. Bechtler Quarter Eagle - 1837-42 C.Bechtler $2.50 NGC MS62 CAC. This undated, very rare, still lustrous 1837-42 C. Bechtler $2.50, 70G, 20C, Kagin 13...More >>>
RC3331
PCGS
AU58
(1837-42) C Bechtler $2.50 PCGS AU58. K-10 . 67g, 21c. K-10, R-5.More >>>
RC3858002
Territorial Gold
NGC
MS61 CAC
1837-42 C. Bechtler Quarter Eagle (1837-42 C.BECHTLE $2.5)  67G, 21C, R-5 NGC MS61 CAC. This rare, dateless, Mint State 1837-42 C. Bechtler Quarter Eagle...More >>>
RC31372
Territorial Gold
PCGS
MS61 CAC
C Bechtler Gold $1 PCGS MS61 CAC, 30g, Star. K-1, R-4. Crisp strike. Rich lustre and incredible color...More >>>
RC31860C
Territorial Gold
NGC
AU58
1860 Clark Gruber $10 NGC AU58. Choice Mountain $10! Ex-H.O. Mann...More >>>
RC3343
Territorial Gold
NGC
MS62
1860 Cl Gruber $10 NGC MS62. Choice Mountain $10!More >>>
RC3064002
Territorial Gold
NGC
AU Details
1860 Clark Gruber $10 Mountain, NGC AU Details. Whoever repaired this Clark, Gruber & Co. piece did an excellent job because it is an eye-appealing coin...More >>>
RC3420008
Territorial Gold
NGC
AU58
1860 Clark Gruber $10 Mountain, NGC AU58. This low mintage, well preserved $10.00 1860 Territorial Gold Piece shows good definition on both sides...More >>>
RC3651967
Territorial Gold
PCGS
XF40
1861 Clark Gruber $20 (1861 Clark Gruber Double Eagle), PCGS XF40. Traces of mint luster remain within the devices of this circulated Colorado territorial gold issue...More >>>
RC3PG10
Territorial Gold
SEGS
MS61
1860 Clark Gruber PG$10 SEGS MS61. Fresh and lustrous...More >>>
RC33006
Territorial
NGC
AU det
1852 Humbert $10 NGC AU Details. K-10, R-5. Very lightly cleaned slider....More >>>
RC37045
Territorial Gold
PCGS
XF40
1852 Humbert $10 SSCA (SS Central America) PCGS XF45. The fields of this historic 1852 Humbert $10.00 ingot have a matt-like texture show some abrasions...More >>>
RC37059
Territorial Gold
PCGS
XF45
1852 Humbert $10 SSCA, PCGS XF45. Ex-SS Central America (gold tag, box & cert). This scarce, lightly circulated 1852 Humbert Eagle comes from the wreck of the S.S. Central America...More >>>
RC47356
Territorial Gold
PCGS
Genuine
1851 $50 Humbert 887 (1851 Humbert $50) PCGS Genuine. This genuine and rare fifty dollar buttery slug with a reeded edge has lightly tooled surfaces...More >>>
RC3474002
Territorial Gold
NGC
AU50
1852 Humbert Fifty Dollar (1852 Humbert $50) NGC AU50. This lightly circulated 1852 Humbert slug has no distracting marks worth mentioning on its excellent surfaces...More >>>
RC338976
Territorial Gold
NGC
AU50
1852 Humbert $50 (1852 $50 Humbert) NGC AU50. Here is a Humbert fifty-dollar slug with lots of luster remaining. Light wear is seen on the high points, in keeping with the grade...More >>>
RC31001
Territorial Gold
NCS
XF det
1851 $50 Humbert. 880 THOUS. NCS XF Details. Moderately repaired; 1851 $50 Humbert .880 THOUS. No 50 (K-5, R-5) NCS XF Details (Repaired, Whizzed)...More >>>
RC3576506
Territorial Gold
PCGS
Genuine
1852 Humbert Gold $50 RE (1852 Humbert $50 RE Gold), PCGS Genuine. This genuine reeded edge 1852 Humbert Fifty Dollar slug shows traces of bright mint...More >>>
RC3163130
Territorial Gold
PCGS
VF25
1852 Humbert $50 RE, Humbert 887, PCGS VF25. This circulated $50.00 reeded edge slug shows wear and abrasion in keeping with the grade...More >>>
RC38005
Territorial Gold
NGC
AU55
1852 Humbert $50, 887 THOUS. Reeded Edge NGC AU55. A lightly circulated example of this popular and large territorial gold coin...More >>>
RC38203
Territorial Gold
NGC
AU55 CAC
1851 Humbert $50 RE. NGC AU55 CAC. 887 THOUS. Gorgeous color & bloom...More >>>
RC32003
Territorial Gold
NGC
AU55 CAC
1851 Humbert $50. NGC AU55. 880 Reeded. 1851 Humbert $50 Reeded Edge .800 (K-5, Low R-5) NGC AU-55. Offered here is a lightly circulated example...More >>>
RC38005
Territorial Gold
NGC
AU55
1852 Humbert $50, 887 THOUS. Reeded Edge NGC AU55. A lightly circulated example of this popular and large territorial gold coin...More >>>
RC3206
Territorial Gold
NGC
Gem Proof
Humbert $50 Commemorative, SS Central America, Struck in 2008 from Kellogg & Humbert Gold, Ingot 830 & 555. Gem Proof #206 of 375...
More >>>
RC7281A
Territorial Gold
PCGS
PRCAM
In 1850 Baldwin & Co. designed an 1850 $10 private gold coin that is known as The Horseman. The obverse displayed the image of a cowboy riding horseback...More >>>
RC7-281
Territorial Gold
PCGS
PRCAM
In 1850 Baldwin & Co. designed an 1850 $10 private gold coin that is known as The Horseman. The obverse displayed the image of a cowboy riding horseback...More >>>
.
Territorial Gold
NGC
MS62
1854. Fresh and lustrous. Medallic strike.More >>>
RC71855
Territorial Gold
PCGS
Gem Proof
1855 Kellogg $50 SS Central America Commemorative Restrike. Completely original, with all accompanying documents in the box and the coin certified by PCGS...More >>>
RC3520005
Territorial Gold
NGC
AU55
1855 Kellogg $20 (1855 Kellogg $20) NGC AU55. This choice Territorial 1855 Kellogg Double Eagle has a strong, full strike, which gives the coin a premium quality appearance...More >>>
RC33001
Territorial Gold
NGC
MS61
1852 Moffat $10 Wide Date NGC MS61. 1852 Moffat & Co. $10 Wide Date (K-9, R-6) NGC MS-61. An exceptional piece of this rare issue, this no doubt is the finest known Moffat & Co.More >>>
RCC690007
Territorial Gold
NGC
AU58
1853 $20 Moffat (1853 Double Eagle Moffat) NGC AU58. This rare, fully struck 1853 Double Eagle eagle shows mint luster remaining within protected areas of both sides...More >>>
RC30007
Territorial Gold
NGC
AU58
1853 $20 Moffat & Co. NGC AU-58. A bold, lustrous and wonderful example of this rare territorial gold piece. Produced by Curtis, Perry and Ward...More >>>
RC38934
Territorial Gold
PCGS
XF45
1849 $10 Moran & Clark PCGS XF45. (1849) Moran & Clark $10 Copper Die Trail (K-1, high R-7). Moran & Clark is one of those companies that arose during the California...More >>>
RC39315
Territorial Gold
PCGS
AU55
1849 Mormon $2.50 PCGS AU55. The surfaces of this 1849 Mormon Quarter Eagle are problem free and show much luster especially around the periphery of the coin...More >>>
RC38733
Territorial Gold
NGC
VF20
1860 Mormon Half Eagle (1860 Mormon $5) NGC VF20. Despite the circulated grade of this Mormon 1860 Five Dollar Gold Piece, it retains some mint luster...More >>>
RC32057
Territorial Gold
PMG
VF30
Norton Note 50C PMG VF30.More >>>
RC36337
Territorial Gold
PCGS
AU50
1855 $50.00 Wass, Molitor & Co. PCGS AU50. Some mint luster still remains within the devices of this rare 1855 territorial fifty dollar coin. Light abrasions and a few nicks...More >>>
RC37141
Territorial Gold
PCGS
XF40
Wass Mol $10 (1852 Wass Mol $10) SS Central America, PCGS XF40...More >>>
RC37149
Territorial Gold
PCGS
XF40
1852 Wass Mol $10 Large Head, SS Central America, PCGS XF40. Partial mint luster shows on this historic 1852 Wass Molitor $10.00 private mintage coin...More >>>
RC33195
Territorial Gold
PCGS
AU58 CAC
1855 Wass Molitor $10 PCGS AU58 CAC. K-6. R-7. Fresh, neat slider! 1850 Wass Molitor $10 "Plugged 5" (K-6, R-7 in that reference) PCGS AU-58 CAC...More >>>
RC37402
Territorial Gold
PCGS
VF25
1852 $5 Wass, Molitor & Co. large head (K-2, R-6) PCGS VF25 - Struck by a firm of Hungarian immigrants, Wass, Molitor & Co. was one of many companies...More >>>
RC3876001
Territorial Gold
NGC
XF40
1855 Wass Mol $50 (1855 Wass Molitor $50) NGC XF45...More >>>

The first private gold coinage in the 19th century was struck by Templeton Reid, a jeweler and gunsmith, in Milledgeville, Georgia, in July 1830. To be closer to the mines, he moved to Gainesville, where most of his coins were made. Although weights were accurate, Reid's assays were not and his coins were slightly short of claimed value. Accordingly, he was severely attacked in the newspapers and soon lost the public's confidence. He closed his mint before the end of October in 1830; his output had amounted to only about 1,600 coins. Denominations struck were $2.50, $5, and $10.

The enigmatic later issues of Templeton Reid were probably made from California gold. Reid, who never went to California, was then a cotton-gin maker in Columbus, Georgia, where he died in 1851. The coins were in denominations of ten and twenty-five dollars. Struck copies of both exist in various metals. The only example known of the twenty-five-dollar piece was stolen from the cabinet of the U.S. Mint on August 16, 1858. It was never recovere.

A skilled German metallurgist, Christopher Bechtler, assisted by his son August and his nephew, also named Christopher, operated a private mint in Rutherford County, North Carolina. Rutherford County and other areas in the Piedmont region of North Carolina and Georgia were the principal sources of the nation's gold supply from 1790 until the California gold strikes in 1848.

The coins minted by the Bechtlers were of only three denominations, but they covered a wide variety of weights and sizes. Rotated dies are common throughout the series. In 1831, the Bechtlers produced the first gold dollar in the United States. The U.S. Mint struck its first circulating gold dollar in 1849. Bechtler coins were well accepted by the public and circulated widely in the Southeast.

The inscription AUGUST 1.1834 on several varieties of five-dollar pieces has a special significance. The secretary of the Treasury recommended to the Mint director that gold coins of the reduced weight bear the authorization date. This was not done on federal gold coinage, but the elder Christopher Bechtler evidently acted on the recommendation to avoid difficulty with Treasury authorities.



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