$3 Three Dollar Gold PCGS MS66 Click on Coin Image to
Known 1859 $3 Gold PCGS MS66 -
A gem 1859 Three Dollar Gold.
Tied for the finest graded at PCGS. This rare, 1859
Three Dollar Indian Princess has pleasingly clean
surfaces, a strong obverse strike, and subdued mint
luster, which glows from its devices.
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to reserve this great coin.
James Longacre designed the coin using
the Indian Princess for his main device. He had to
create a motif that would be distinctly different
from the quarter and half eagle coronet designs. The
design, similar to his Gold Dollar Large Head, shows
a head of Liberty facing left in profile wearing a
stylized headdress. Inscribed on the headband is LIBERTY.
She is surrounded by the words UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
In using the Indian Princess design,
Longacre felt that he was creating something that
was uniquely American rather than an adoption from
the classics. The reverse of the piece shows an open
wreath of corn, cotton, wheat, and tobacco tied at
the bottom with a bow. The denomination 3 appears
at the top center of the wreath, with DOLLARS and
the date below within the wreath. Longacre liked the
wreath design so much that he adopted it for use on
the small cent of 1856.