Gold Dollar - The 1866 Gold Dollar had a mintage of
7,100. Despite this low mintage most coins that survived
are in Mint State, and a few superb gems have been certified.
The coins are often struck with prooflike surfaces and often
have clash marks. Four example have been certified MS68
by both grading services combined. Only 26 pieces have been
certified in circulated grades by both services.
In 1866 the Civil Rights Act was passed.
It was intended to protect the rights of freed slaves in
the wake of the Civil War. It was vetoed by President Johnson
but passed later by a two-thirds majority in each house.
In this year the Ku Klux Klan was founded. It advocated
extremist reactionary views that included white supremacy,
white nationalism, and anti-immigration that used terrorism
as a means to achieve its goals.